Ampera: A Research Journal on Politics and Islamic Civilization <p>Ampera: A Research Journal on Politics and Islamic Civilization<a href=";1579227005&amp;1&amp;&amp;2020" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> E ISSN 2720-9741</a> published by Department of Islamic Politic Faculty of Adab and Humanities Raden Fatah State Islamic University provides critical analyses of contemporary political phenomena and is the journal of record for the discipline of political science and islamic civilization reporting on research, teaching, and professional development.</p> en-US (Program Studi Politik Islam) (Program Studi Politik Islam) Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Hamas dan Fatah: Tekanan Ideologi dalam Membebaskan Palestina <p><em>Hamas and Fatah are the two dominant Palestinian political parties that have the same goal of freeing Palestinians from Israeli occupation. But there are ideological differences between Hamas and Fatah, Fatah with secular nationalist ideology while Hamas with Islamic ideology. The difference in ideology is considered to be the cause of the lack of cooperation between the two to free Palestine from Israeli occupation. This paper seeks to answer the question of why Hamas and Fatah did not unite to free Palestine from Israeli occupation when both have the same goal, whether differences in ideology are the main obstacle for Hamas and Fatah not to unite to liberate Palestine. In this paper the authors use the theory of conflict resolution and descriptive methods. The results of this study indicate that ideology is indeed one of the reasons Hamas and Fatah are not cooperating, because these two ideologies are in conflict with each other, but the historical conflict factor between Hamas's predecessors, the Muslim Brotherhood and Fatah has affected the inability of Hamas and Fatah to cooperate in efforts to liberate Palestine because differences of opinion in addressing resistance to Israel, then coupled with the disappointment of Hamas against Fatah which was hit by the issue of corruption and abuse of power, and Hamas considers Fatah to recognize the existence of Israel after signing the Oslo Declaration. Furthermore, it is hoped that this article can be used as a reference and comparison material for similar research.</em></p> Badra Jultouriq Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Peran TNI dalam Pembinaan Teritorial (Studi Kasus di Desa Sungai Ceper, Kecamatan Sungai Menang, Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir, Sumatera Selatan) <p>The title of this research is "The Role of The Indonesian Militer In The Development of The Territorial (Case Study in Sungai Ceper Village, Sungai Menang District, Ogan Komering Ilir District)". TNI in the context of defending territory, assisting the tasks of regional governments based on Law Number 34 of 2004 concerning the TNI in the development of physical or non-physical communities, territorial development, community empowerment in territorial / remote / remote areas and improving the welfare of the community through TNI Manunggal Building Village (TMMD) program. The purpose of this research is to find out how the relationship between military and civilian is formed through the TNI Manunggal Building Village (TMMD) program and the implementation of the TNI Manunggal Building Village activities when viewed from a human security approach.</p> <p>The method used in this study is a qualitative approach with stages, namely interviews, observation, documentation. Meanwhile, the source of this research is primary data sources. Based on the results of the study it can be seen that, physical achievements in the implementation of the TNI Manunggal Building Villages have been carried out based on the target, but there is one thing that makes constraints in achieving these targets. Then, the relationship between the military and civilians was well established because through the TNI Manunggal Building Village program, and the closer cooperation between the TNI and the Government. Then, through this activity the target area community is able to obtain aspects of the human security approach in the form of personal security.</p> Tri Kusuma Santi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Akar Pemikiran Pluralisme Agama Syekh Siti Jenar <p>This article discusses the roots of religious pluralism of Sheikh Siti Jenar. As one of the<br>prosecution of Islam in the land of Java, he had a thought of religious pluralism, which is the<br>meeting point of religions on the esoteric landscape (the transcendent unity of religions), in terms<br>of Islamic mysticism known as Wahdat al-Adyan. The author deliberately used pluralism to<br>uncover the thoughts of Sheikh Siti Jenar based on his teachings. The theory of religious<br>pluralism classification, which includes secular humanism, global theology, syncretism, and<br>lasting wisdom, is used to determine the pattern of religious pluralism found in the thought of<br>Sheikh Siti Jenar. The problems discussed in this paper are the thoughts and patterns of religious<br>pluralism Sheikh Siti Jenar. For that purpose, the relevant data, obtained through the literature<br>study, is analyzed using a method of content analysis and descriptive-analytic. Based on the<br>study conducted, it can be suggested that the concept of religious pluralism Sheikh Siti Jenar is<br>the implications of the plurality of scientific networks that accumulate in the developed<br>teachings, Manunggaling Kawulo Gusti. The pluralism in the thought of Sheikh Siti Jenar<br>covered the meeting point of various religions at the esoteric level, because the difference for<br>him only occurred at the level of exoscorers alone. This view when associated with religious<br>pluralism classification belongs to the category of eternal wisdom. The thought of Sheik Siti<br>Jenar about the mystical maqamat in the process of discovering identity, the three elements that<br>build human beings, heaven and hell, and his views on nature, all of which are intertwined with<br>the teachings of Islamic mysticism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Javanese philosophy. The thought<br>of Sheikh Siti Jenar took the pattern of religious pluralism, syncretism.</p> otoman otoman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Strategi Pendekatan dan Pengaruh Rusia di Kawasan Timur Tengah (2005-2019) <p>This study is an examination of Russia's approach and influence in the Middle East and focuses on Russia's soft politics in various Middle Eastern countries and their influence on Russian interests. The important question that will be answered in this research is how Russia can control its national interest and pressure in the Middle East geo politics. Even though after the cold war the US appeared dominant in global politics, Russia's maturity in the global political cannot be underestimated. Because Russia will continue to tightening partnerships with the countries that are anti-US dominant or at least have the same vision in global political practices including in Syria and Iran. Thus, the survival of Russia's national interest in the Middle East becomes an important factor to keep the rivalry of the two superpowers state, which is not infrequently a positive or even negative factor for the Middle Eastern countries.</p> Kiki Mikail ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh Money Politics Terhadap Pilihan Masyarakat Pada Pilkades Serentak di Kabupaten Muara Enim Tahun 2017 (Studi Kasus di Desa Teluk Limau Kecamatan Gelumbang) <p><em>The </em><em>paper</em><em> is “Titled the effect of money politics on community choice in the simultaneous Pilkades in Muara Enim distric in 2017 ( Case studi in the village of Teluk Limau, Gelumbang district)”. The purpose of this studi was to identify or find out how&nbsp; the influence of money politics on people’s choices in the 2017 Pilkades and identify or find out what faktors influence people’s choices in the 2017 Pilkades with the existence of money politics. The type of date used in this study is quantitative research. The location of this research is in the village of Teluk Limau, Gelumbang district, Muara Enim regency, south Sumatra province. And purely this research is the local community. To obtain date obtained numbered 1382 according to the permanent voter of samples was 93 respondents. To collecy date obtained is descriptive statiscal analyis.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>Theory in this study there are two theories used, namely the theory of Patronase and Klientelisme. There are five kinds of Patronase theory namely, Vote Buying, Individual Gifs, Services and Activities, Club Goods, Pork Barrel Projects. Whereas Klientelisme theories are of three kinds, namely the successs team, the social networking engine and political parties. In this study it was elections is very big influence on people’s voting behavior. In the 2017 Pilkades, the people of the village of Teluk Limau on average most of their voting behavior changes when they receive money politics. The faktors that influence the voting behavior of the Teluk Limau village in the 2017 elections are that people the and to choose the reasons because of economic faktors that have changed their choices after receiving money politics.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Revi Kazali, Endang Rochmiatun, Nico Oktario Adytyas ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Perubahan Peran Perempuan di PTPN VII Pabrik Gula Cinta Manis Di Kabupaten Ogan Ilir <p>The title of this paper is "the change in the role of women in ptpn vii sugar factory in Cinta manis ogan ilir district" The focus of this research is to explain the changes in the function and role of women in the Cinta Manis sugar factory, in line with changes in village conditions that occur due to changes from the agricultural to industrial areas. The focus of this research also wants to see and explain where the function of women is like and about the role of women laborers who perform two roles at once, namely in the domestic and public sectors as well as power relations between men and women in industrial societies in the sweet love sugar factory.</p> <p>The method used in this study is a qualitative research method. This research source is primary data taken directly from the field through interviews with informants from women felling laborers. Secondary data obtained from documentation, books or journals. The techniques used in data collection are observation, interviews and documentation.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results obtained in this study are the first, Ketiau Village before the entry of the Cinta Manis sugar factory, the community's work in this village is a farmer and trader, but more dominant farmers. After the entry of the sugar factory in this village also experienced changes in terms of livelihoods, many people who worked as employees or as factory workers, who worked in the factory and even then not only from the Ketiau area but from outside the area also many who worked at the company. Second, there are many women in this factory who work as sugar cane cutting laborers. What makes women come to work is by economic factors, because if you rely on your husband alone can not meet their needs. The role of the fostering also changed, which usually played the role of a housewife but now works, women workers in the factory must perform two roles at the same time. Third, women only live and obey what has been determined by culture. Culture that distinguishes the roles of men and women. Clearly this culture has assumed a man's position higher than a woman's. The culture referred to here is patriarchal culture, patriarchal culture is defined as a dominant culture that is male, or the ruling is male, as in terms of earning a living a man not a woman. But in PTPN VII Sugar Factory, this culture is no longer valid because at this time everything has changed, the views or thoughts of a person have developed, in terms of earning a living not only a man can but a woman can also make a living, like as well as female slave laborers in the Cinta Manis Sugar Factory.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Putri Pahurian ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Pola Relasi Kuasa Negara dan Kelompok Tambang Minyak Ilegal (Studi Kasus Tambang Minyak Kecamatan Keluang Kabupaten Musi Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan) <p><em>This study will describe how the pattern of relations in the management of illegal oil mines in Keluang District with two problem formulations, first what are the factors that shape the power relations between the State and the illegal oil mining group in Keluang District. The second is how the role of each actor and its influence in the case of illegal oil mining in Keluang District? To answer the two problem formulations above, researchers use the theory of rent seeking from Gordon Tullock. The method used in this research is qualitative method. The approach that will be used to support this research is to use a case study approach. In this study, the data will be divided into two types, namely primary and secondary data. Primary data is data obtained in the field through interviews and direct observation at the research site. Secondary data is data obtained from books, papers and documents related to this research. Data analysis used in this study is Analysis Interactive Model from Miles and Huberman which divides the steps in data analysis activities with several parts, namely data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions or verification. The presence of illegal oil mines&nbsp; in Keluang District raises a sign where the presence and how the role of the State especially the government involved in the management of natural resources in the case of illegal oil mining in Keluang District.</em></p> Choirul Wahyudi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000