MENAFSIR AYAT-AYAT JIHAD SYAIKH ABDUS SHOMAD AL-FALIMBANI Dalam Kitab Nasihah Al-Muslimin wa At-Tadzkirah Al-Mukminin fi Fadha’il Al-Jihad fi Sabililillah wa Karamah Al-Mujahidin fi Sabilillah

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M Saiyid Mahadhir

Abstract

This paper will focus on the study of the jihad verses cited by Shaykh Abdus Shamad Al-Falimbani in his work Nasihah Al-Muslimin wa At-Tadzkirah Al-Mukminin fi Fadha'il Al-Jihad fi Sabililillah wa Karamah Al-Mujahidin fi Sabilillah. No less than 31 verses of the Quran which are quoted in this book in two major themes, namely about the virtues of jihad, those who strive for jihad, give an advice for jihad, and the theme of the command of jihad. It was found that the terms used in this quotation consisted of the terms al-qital, jihad, infaq, and tsabat/ shabr, and the terms al-qital dominated the jihad verses cited by Shaykh Abdus Shamad. In the explanation of Quran, jihad is a term that does not always refer to the meaning of physical war, especially in terms of al-jihad. No less than 41 times the Quran mentions this term jihad with all its derivatives, and the result is that the terms of the jihad that are included in the Makkiyah verses category mean that the struggle is not in the form of war, but the term jihad in the Madaniyah verses mean physical war . In contrast to the term al-qital in the Quran, all the terms qital in the Quran are the verses of Madaniyah, so of course the strongest meaning is physical war. From here, the results are obtained that the jihad verses referred to by Shaykh Abdus Shamad in his book Nasihah Al-Muslimin wa At-Tadzkirah Al-Mukminin fi Fadha'il Al-Jihad fi Sabililillah wa Karamah Al-Mujahidin fi Sabilillah is jihad in the sense of physical war Apart from the more dominant use of the term al-qital, this was also due to the Malay socio-political background which was colonized by colonialism at that time.

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How to Cite
Mahadhir, M. (2019). MENAFSIR AYAT-AYAT JIHAD SYAIKH ABDUS SHOMAD AL-FALIMBANI. As-Shuffah, 1(2), 29-41. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.19109/as.v1i2.4858
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