Karakteristik Pengetahuan Orang Melayu (Studi Epistemologi pada Cerita Rakyat Sumatera)

Main Article Content

Syefriyeni Syefriyeni

Abstract

This paper is motivated by a kind of academic questions, or anxieties towards; like what traditional people used to answer the phenomena that exist in the middle of their lives. The answers will certainly be a reference, even as a knowledge, perhaps not yet in the scientific category, but knowledge only. Knowledge that is created or raised is in order to answer the questions of human on natural, social and sociocultural phenomena, and so on. The author sees that one side of the presence of this knowledge is in folklore. That said, because traditional society usually answers the questions of their children and grandchildren about natural phenomena and others, presented in words such as a series of stories. Or, explain about threats and punishments and behavioral replies. Regardless of the scientific or not, as long as the words and stories are able to answer people's thirst, or explain anything at that time about certain questions, then that is the knowledge that is present in their time. For this reason, the author wants to see what knowledge is presented in the folklore, how it is characterized. This research uses philosophical, qualitative, and hermeneutical methods. The result of this research is that folklore is able to provide knowledge about ethical values. Establish knowledge, and answer certain regional histories, and natural phenomena for the provision of daily life.

Article Details

How to Cite
Syefriyeni, S. (2018). Karakteristik Pengetahuan Orang Melayu (Studi Epistemologi pada Cerita Rakyat Sumatera). Intizar, 24(2), 63-70. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.19109/intizar.v24i2.2730
Section
Artikel

References

Ara, L. K. (2008). Cerita Rakyat dari Aceh, Seri Pendidikan Budaya. Jakarta: Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia (Grasindo).
Bakker, A., & Zubair, A. C. (1999). Metodologi Penelitian Filsafat. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Bertens, K. (2001). Etika. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Brown, C. R. (1998, April 29). Common-sense ethics. Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780415249126-L011-1
Citraningtyas, C. E. (2012). Malin Kundang, Identitas Nasional, dan Kebutuhan Rekonstruksi. In The 22nd International Conference on Literature. Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta State University and HISKI. Diambil dari https://www.academia.edu/2024531/MALIN_KUNDANG_IDENTITAS_NASIONAL_dan_KEBUTUHAN_REKONSTRUKSI
Danandjaja, J. (1986). Folklor Indonesia Ilmu Gosip dan Dongeng. Jakarta: Graffiti Press.
Fakhry, M. (1994). Ethical Theories in Islam. Leiden: E J Bril.
Faza. (2017). Cerita Asli Nusantara. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.
Histori. (2016). Histori. Diambil dari https://histori.id/
Ikhsan, S. (2014). Pilihan Landasan Ontologis dan Epistemologis Masyarakat Nusantara. Diambil dari https://www.academia.edu/11881603/Pilihan_Landasan_Ontologis_dan_Epistemologis_Masyarakat_Nusantara
K, P. (2010). Kumpulan Cerita Rakyat Sumatera. Depok: Cerdas Interaktif Wisma.
Nuralia, L., & Imadudin, I. (2017). Cerita Rakyat Nusantara 34 Provinsi. Bandung: Ruang Kata.
Philosophy, S. E. of. (2000). Thomas Reid. Diambil dari https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/reid/#ComSenFirPri
Prasetyanawati, A. (2012). Nilai Moral dalam Kumpulan Dongeng Makhluk Berkedip. Yogyakarta. Diambil dari http://eprints.uny.ac.id/9918/
Propp, V. Y. (1997). Theory and History of Folklore - Monoskop. (A. Y. Martin & R. P. Martin, Penerj.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Sulistyarini, D. (2017). Nilai Moral Dalam Cerita Rakyat Sebagai Sarana Pendidikan Budi Pekerti. Diambil dari https://ki-demang.com/kbj5/index.php/makalah-komisi-b/1147-13-nilai-moral-dalam-cerita-rakyat-sebagai-sarana-pendidikan-budi-pekerti/
Syefriyeni. (2013). Relativisme Etika Studi Perdebatan Sekularisasi antara Nurcholish Madjid dan HM Rasjidi. Tangerang Selatan: Pustaka Anak Negeri.
Tafsir. (2000). Moral dalam Wacana Kajian al-Qur’an. Jurnal Studi Islam, 1(1).
Wolterstorff, N. (2004). Thomas Reid and the Story of Epistemology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Zed, M. (2001). Fikiran-fikiran Awam dan Berfikir Ilmiah. Padang.