Corak Epistemologi Mistis Neoplatonisme dalam Mistisisme Islam

Main Article Content

Sahjad M Aksan

Abstract

Mysticism is an inner struggle in search of light, clues and a way of chatting with the inner realm to reach knowledge through enlightenment. However, epistemically, mysticism is very personal, therefore it cannot be scientifically accountable. In the hands of Plotinus, mysticism seems to be living with its philosophical nuances, so that it is easily explained and adapted as one of the objects of philosophical study. Until now the legacy of the philosophy of Neoplatonism is still exists not only in the academy area, but also penetrated and became the understanding held by some Muslims who engaged in the world of Sufism both philosophical and moral. This indicates that there is freedom to have the people's horizons that can be adopted from anywhere while at the same time indicating the colors of Islamic thought. Understanding mysticism in Islam should indeed not be muzzled for any reason or to be confronted with Islamic understanding that is fiqh or fiqh oriented. Because, exploring Islamic mysticism which is recognized is influenced by the teachings of Neoplatonism, proves and teaches the people that there is a strong relationship between the conception of Shari'a and the conception of Sufism about worship so that they do not need to be contested because they have indicators that perfect the essence of tawhid and worship.

Article Details

How to Cite
Aksan, S. (2018). Corak Epistemologi Mistis Neoplatonisme dalam Mistisisme Islam. Intizar, 24(2), 33-50. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.19109/intizar.v24i2.3101
Section
Artikel

References

‘Arabi, M. al-D. I. (2004). Fusus al-Hikam: Mutiara Hikmah 27 Nabi. (A. Sahidah & N. Arianti, Penerj.). Yogyakarta: Futuh Printika.
Abbas, Q. M. (2002). al-Hallaj: al-‘Amalu Kamilah, Tafsir, Tawasin, Bustan al-Ma’rifat, Nusus al-Wilayat, al-Marwiyat, al-Diwan. Bairut: Riad el-Rayes Book.
Al-Ghanimi, A. al-W. (1985). Madkhal ila al-Tasawwuf al-Islam. (A. R. Usmani, Penerj.). Bandung: Pustaka Pelajar.
Al-Hujwiri, A. al-H. A. I. U. I. A. al-G. al-J. (1992). The Kasyf al-Mahjub: The Oldest Persian Triatise onf Sufis. (Mahbub, Penerj.). Bandung: Mizan.
Al-Hulw, ’Abd. (1988). al-Isyraqiah. (M. Ziyadah, Ed.). Ma’had al-Inma’ al-’Arabi.
Al-Kalabazi, A. B. (1969). al-Ta’arruf li Mazhab Ahl al-Sufiyah. al-Qahirah: Maktabat al-Azarajah.
Al-Munawwir, A. W. (2002). Kamus Arab-Indonesia al-Munawwir. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Progresif.
Al-Qusyairi. (1966). al-Risalah Qusyairiah. al-Qahirah.
Al-Taftanzani, A. al-W. al-G. (1997). Sufi dari Zaman ke Zaman. Bandung: Pustaka Hidayah.
Amroeni, D. (2005). Suhrawardi “Kritik Filsafat Prepatitik.” Yogyakarta: LKiS Pelangi Aksara.
Arberry, A. J. (2008). An Account of The Mystics of Islam. London and New York: Routledge.
Arjun, M. al-S. (1967). al-Tasawwuf fi al-Islam, Manabi‘uhu wa Atwaruhu. al-Qahirah: Maktabat al-Kulliah al-Azhariah.
Arkoun, M. (1996). Rethinking Islam: Common Questions, Uncommon Answers. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Armstrong, A. H. (1967). The Architecture of Intelligible Universe in the Phylosophy of Plotinus: An Analytical and Historical Study. Amsterdam: Hakkert.
As, A. (2002). Pengantar Studi Tasawuf. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.
Bagus, L. (2002). Kamus Filsafat. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Chittick, W. C. (2001). Imaginal Worlds, Ibnu ‘Arabi and the Problem of Religiuos Diversity. (A. Syahid, Penerj.). Surabaya: Risalah Gusti.
Glasse, C. (1996). Ensiklopedia Islam. (G. A. Mas’udi, Penerj.). Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.
Hadiwijono, H. (2006). Sari Sejarah Filsafat Barat 1. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Islam, D. R. E. (1994). Ensiklopedi Islam. Jakarta: Ikhtiar Baru Van Hoeve.
Jamnia, M. B., & Ali, M. (1997). Tales from the Land of the Sufis. (M. S. Nasrullah, Penerj.). Jakarta: Lentera Basritama.
Kartanegara, M. (2009). Filsafat Islam, Etika, dan Tasawuf. Ciputat: Ushul Press.
Kattsoff, L. (1996). Pengantar Filsafat. (S. Soemargono, Penerj.). Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.
Kresna, A. A. (2003). Emanasi Yang Satu dalam Neoplatonisme. (W. U. Bernadien, Ed.). Yogyakarta: Apeiron.
Lapidus, I. M. (2003). Sejarah Sosial Umat Islam. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.
Mahmud, A. A.-Q. (n.d.). al-Falsafat al-Sufiah fi al-Islam. al-Qahirah: Dar al-Fikri al-‘Arab.
Manzur, A. al-F. J. al-D. M. bin M. I. (1993). Lisan al-‘Arab. Bairut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiah.
Nasr, H. (1986). Tiga Pemikir Islam. (Mujahid, Penerj.). Bandung: Risalah.
Nasution, H. (1983). Falsafat dan Mistisme dalam Islam. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.
Nasution, H. (1999). Filsafat Islam. Jakarta: Gaya Media Pratama.
Nicolson, R. A. (1987). The Mistic of Islam. (A. N. Budiman, Penerj.). Jakarta: Rajawali.
Noer, K. A. (1995). Ibn ‘Arabi: Wahdat al-Wujud dalam Perdebatan. Jakarta: Paramadina.
Plotinus, & Mackenna, S. (1992). The Enneads: A New, Definitive Edition With Comparisons To Other Translations On Hundreds Of Key Passages. Lp Classic Reprint Series.
Russell, B. (2004). History of Western Philosophy and is Connection with Political and Social Circumstances from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. (S. Jatmiko, Ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Siregar, A. R. (2000). Tasawuf; Dari Sufisme Klasik ke Neo Sufisme. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.
Soleh, A. K. (2011). Filsafat Isyraqi Suhrawardi. Esensia: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin, 12(1), 1–19.
Solomon, R. C., & Higgins, K. M. (2013). The big questions: A short introduction to philosophy. Cengage Learning.
Tjahjadi, S. P. L., & Petrus, S. (2004). Petualangan Intelektual, Konfrontasi dengan Para Filsuf dari Zaman Yunani Hingga Zaman Moderen. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Yazdi, M. H. (1994). ThePrinciples of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy, Knowledge by Presence. (M. Ahsin, Penerj.). Bandung: Mizan.
Yunus, M. (1990). Kamus Arab Indonesia. Jakarta: Hida Karya Agung.
Ziai, H. (1998). Suhrawardi & Filsafat Illuminasi. (A. Muhammad, Penerj.). Bandung: Zaman Wacana Mulia.