http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jip/issue/feed JIP Jurnal Ilmiah PGMI 2024-02-05T22:14:11+00:00 Mardiah Astuti mardiahastuti_uin@radenfatah.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>&nbsp;</p> <table class="MsoTableGrid" style="background: #DEEAF6; border-collapse: collapse; border: none; mso-background-themecolor: accent1; mso-background-themetint: 51; mso-border-insideh: none; mso-border-insidev: none; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 1184;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-firstrow: yes; mso-yfti-irow: 0;"> <td style="border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 106.1pt;" valign="top" width="136"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">Journal Title</div> </td> <td style="border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 344.7pt;" valign="top" width="430"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><strong><a href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=5113">JIP (Jurnal Ilmiah PGMI)</a></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1;"> <td style="padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 106.1pt;" valign="top" width="136"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">Frequency</div> </td> <td style="padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 344.7pt;" valign="top" width="430"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><strong>Two issues per year </strong><strong>(June and December)&nbsp;</strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2;"> <td style="padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 106.1pt;" valign="top" width="136"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">ISSN</div> </td> <td style="padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 344.7pt;" valign="top" width="430"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><span class="MsoHyperlink"><a title="E-ISSN" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1460454078" rel="noopener"><strong>2527-4589 </strong></a><strong>(Online)</strong><a title="E-ISSN" href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1460454078" rel="noopener"><strong>,&nbsp;</strong></a><strong><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1456539437" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2527-2764</a></strong><strong> (Print)</strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3;"> <td style="padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 106.1pt;" valign="top" width="136"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">Editor in Chief<span style="mso-tab-count: 1;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></div> </td> <td style="padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 344.7pt;" valign="top" width="430"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=QOoXoewAAAAJ&amp;hl=id&amp;oi=ao" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Miftahul Husni</strong></a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5;"> <td style="padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 106.1pt;" valign="top" width="136"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">Publisher</div> </td> <td style="padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 344.7pt;" valign="top" width="430"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; text-align: justify;"><strong><a href="http://pgmi.radenfatah.ac.id/">Program Studi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang</a></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes;"> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 106.1pt;" valign="top" width="136"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">Citation Analysis</div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; width: 344.7pt;" valign="top" width="430"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><strong><a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/profile/5113" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SINTA 3</a> │<a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?hl=id&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=4&amp;gmla=AJsN-F7E-1vk6try0YwZ0uX1b3iJQme-eYGgP71rm0yQjT1jUXayPTfFtwuRxxrK0FEnJKRt2e7QFTkjWlPkMuNKej0vDhiDM0oLohiSKp1FJxaTBQZd88iXWhh3OXvk0r45xlFcc-Ew&amp;user=jR4zZpQAAAAJ">Google Scholar</a> │ </strong><a href="http://garuda.ristekdikti.go.id/journal/view/9524"><strong>Garuda</strong></a></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>&nbsp;</p> <table style="height: 314px;" width="662"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="24"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/COVER_JIP4.jpg" width="167" height="237"></td> <td width="408"> <p style="text-align: justify;">JIP (Jurnal Ilmiah PGMI) is a journal <strong>published in the Study Program of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Teacher Education</strong> at the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training at the State Islamic University of Raden Fatah Palembang. This journal is <strong>published twice a year in June and December</strong>. Furthermore, this journal is published in two versions, namely print and online. <strong>The focus of this journal</strong> contains articles concerning research on Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Teacher Education / Primary / Islamic Elementary School <em>(Madrasah Ibtidaiyah)</em> / Elementary School <em>(Sekolah Dasar)</em> Teacher Education, such as competency analysis, learning strategies, learning theory, learning development, and educator professionalism. Reviewers will review any submitted paper. <strong>Review process</strong> employs a double-blind review.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>In this type of peer review, the author does not know who the reviewers are. It is the most common form of peer review among science journals. JIP (Jurnal Ilmiah PGMI) publishes quality articles and gives positive results to scientific development related to the journal focus.</p> <p><br>You have to make sure that your paper is prepared using the <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1gauvR26Seu7H4wNxKHtzntyPDVFIpx4j/view"><strong>Article Template</strong></a> and Carefully <a href="http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jip/navigationMenu/view/author_guidelines"><strong>read the submission guidelines</strong></a><strong>.&nbsp;</strong>Submit your paper<strong> in English or Bahasa Indonesia. </strong>If you have problems with the journal, please contact us at&nbsp;jipgmi@radenfatah.ac.id<br><br><strong>JIP (Jurnal Ilmiah PGMI)</strong> has been cited 8 times by <strong>Scopus-Indexed Journal</strong> <a href="https://www.scopus.com/results/results.uri?src=dm&amp;sort=plf-f&amp;st1=JURNAL+ILMIAH+PGMI&amp;sid=45117cecbf891c8f7c25da1d5c02c300&amp;sot=b&amp;sdt=b&amp;sl=33&amp;s=TITLE-ABS-KEY%28JURNAL+ILMIAH+PGMI%29&amp;cl=t&amp;offset=1&amp;ss=plf-f&amp;ws=r-f&amp;ps=r-f&amp;cs=r-f&amp;origin=resultslist&amp;zone=queryBar">(Retrieved: 25 January 2023)</a><br><strong><br>JIP (Jurnal Ilmiah PGMI)</strong> has been indexed in: SINTA (Science and Technology Index); DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals); Google Scholar; Garuda (Garba Rujukan Digital); Moraref; DOI Crossref;&nbsp;Mendeley; Dimension;&nbsp;ROAD; BASE; WorldCat; and OneSearh.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/profile/5113"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/Jepretan_Layar_2023-02-02_pukul_1.21_.32_PM_.png" width="104" height="45"></a>&nbsp;</strong>&nbsp;<a title="DOAJ" href="https://doaj.org/toc/2527-4589?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%222527-2764%22%2C%222527-4589%22%5D%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22sort%22%3A%5B%7B%22created_date%22%3A%7B%22order%22%3A%22desc%22%7D%7D%5D%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%2C%22track_total_hits%22%3Atrue%7D"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/doaj.png" width="127" height="44">&nbsp;</a><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2527-4589&amp;from_ui=yes"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/2._Crossref_2_.jpg"></a>&nbsp;<a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?hl=id&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=4&amp;gmla=AJsN-F7E-1vk6try0YwZ0uX1b3iJQme-eYGgP71rm0yQjT1jUXayPTfFtwuRxxrK0FEnJKRt2e7QFTkjWlPkMuNKej0vDhiDM0oLohiSKp1FJxaTBQZd88iXWhh3OXvk0r45xlFcc-Ew&amp;user=jR4zZpQAAAAJ"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/1._Google_Schoolar_2_.jpg"></a>&nbsp; <a href="https://garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/journal/view/9524"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/7._GarudaOK_1_.jpg"></a>&nbsp; <a href="https://moraref.kemenag.go.id/archives/journal/98021043410577083"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/4._Moraref_2_.jpg"></a>&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p><a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_text=jurnal%20ilmiah%20pgmi&amp;search_type=kws&amp;search_field=full_search"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/6._Dimensionsok_.jpg"></a>&nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2527-4589#"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/5._Road_.jpg"></a>&nbsp; <a href="https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?type=all&amp;lookfor=jurnal+ilmiah+pgmi&amp;ling=0&amp;oaboost=1&amp;name=&amp;thes=&amp;refid=dcresen&amp;newsearch=1"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/11._Base_Indexs_.jpg"></a>&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=jip%3A+jurnal+ilmiah+pgmi+issn%3A2527-2764&amp;qt=results_page"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/15._WolrdCat_Indexs_.jpg"></a>&nbsp; <a href="https://onesearch.id/Search/Results?lookfor=JURNAL+ILMIAH+PGMI&amp;type=Subject&amp;limit=20&amp;sort=relevance"><img src="/public/site/images/dianandestabujuri/onesearch.png" width="131" height="45">&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</a><a href="https://onesearch.id/Search/Results?lookfor=JURNAL+ILMIAH+PGMI&amp;type=Subject&amp;limit=20&amp;sort=relevance"><br></a></p> http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/19513 Teacher's Efforts in Overcoming Student’s Difficulty Post Distance Learning at Elementary School 2023-12-30T05:17:41+00:00 Tutut Handayani tututhandayani_uin@radenfatah.ac.id Masnun Baiti masnunbaiti@radenfatah.ac.id Ayu Nur Shawmi ayunurshawmi_uin@radenfatah.ac.id Ines Tasya Jadidah inestasyajadidah_uin@radenfatah.ac.id <pre><span lang="IN">The aim of this research is to analyze teachers' efforts to overcome students' learning difficulties after distance learning in elementary schools. This study used qualitative research methods. The subjects in this research were the principal, teachers and students in grades 3, 4 and 5 at the Al Fahd Islamic elementary school in Palembang. The data collection techniques used were interviews, observation, documentation, Focus Group Discussions (FGD), and questionnaires in the form of open and closed questions via Google Form. Data was analyzed using an interactive model, namely data condensation, data presentation and conclusions. Data validity testing was carried out by data triangulation. The results of the research show that the teacher's efforts in overcoming students' learning difficulties, first the teacher takes a direct approach to students such as direct and persuasive attention, guidance and direction to students, provides opportunities for students to speak/express opinions, answer questions, and writing opinions in front of the class, providing encouragement or motivation to students, and giving praise and rewards to students. Second, teachers apply effective and enjoyable strategies/models/and methods and learning such as active learning, question and answer, discussion/group study, contextual learning, inquiry (observation), direct experimentation, Problem-Based Learning (PBL), and Project Based Learning (PJBL). Third, teachers use learning media, Learning Videos via LCD projector, Power Point, and experimental media. Fourth, collaboration with parents. Collaboration between the school, especially teachers, and parents of students is deliberately programmed from the start before learning begins (parents meeting). These efforts have an impact on the students' learning process. Students feel happy participating in learning.</span></pre> 2024-02-26T10:48:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/20761 The Teacher’s Paradigm to Learning in The Independent Curriculum at Elementary School: A Study in Jayapura City 2023-12-30T04:19:57+00:00 Didik Efendi didik.kotjap@gmail.com <p>The independent curriculum provides teachers with the opportunity to innovate in the learning process. As a replacement for the 2023 curriculum, the independent curriculum has a different paradigm from the previous curriculum, namely emphasizing teacher independence to manage learning with a focus on student achievement. This research uses a qualitative approach and descriptive research type to describe the SD/MI teacher paradigm regarding Independent Curriculum learning in Jayapura City. This research was conducted at MIN Jayapura City. Techniques for collecting research procedures through observation, in-depth interviews and documentation. Meanwhile, the analysis method uses the Creswel model analysis technique. The research results show that the SD/MI teachers' paradigm regarding learning in the independent curriculum is as follows: (1) Independent curriculum-based learning emphasizes the achievement of learning outcomes (CP) at each phase rather than at each grade level; (2) Teachers have more freedom in managing learning; (3) Learning must be relevant to the needs and characteristics of students; (4) Technology-based learning; (5) An independent curriculum requires teacher collaboration; (6) Learning oriented towards developing the Pancasila Student Profile and Rahmatan Lil Alamin Student Profile (P5 PPRA); (7) The independent curriculum emphasizes differentiated learning.</p> 2023-12-30T04:16:38+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/20727 Integrating Religion Moderation on Pancasila Student Profile at Elementary School 2023-12-30T04:33:21+00:00 Resti Septikasari resti@unuha.ac.id Tri Ratna Dewi resti@unuha.ac.id Ahmad Taufiq Yuliantoro resti@unuha.ac.id <p>Problem in study This started with exists National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) at the Ministry of Religion that is strengthening moderation religion and plans Strategic at the Ministry of Education and Culture that is strengthening Profile Pancasila students, which of second matter this is very related. The aim of this research is to know integration mark moderation religion on profile student Pancasila in Elementary School. This research uses a literature review method which is carried out in various stages, namely determining themes, identifying keywords, identifying sources of information (database used) , determining inclusion and exclusion criteria, collecting related articles, make notes of important things found in the article, write literature review articles. Research result This <em>First</em>, on dimensions have faith and piety to God Almighty, and have good morals glorious integrated with mark humanity and tolerance. <em>Second</em>, on dimensions global diversity integrated with mark respect to tradition. <em>Third</em>, mutual cooperation is integrated with mark humanity and tolerance. <em>Fourth</em>, independence integrated with values of non- violence and balance. <em>Fifth</em>, be creative Can integrated with mark commitment nationality. <em>Sixth</em>, reason critical integrated with mark balanced and committed nationality.</p> 2023-12-30T04:17:45+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/21442 Factors Influencing The School Literacy Movement in Embedding Students’ Reading Interest at Elementary School of South Sumatera 2024-02-05T22:14:11+00:00 Amir Hamzah prodipiaud_uin@radenfatah.ac.id Anisa Astrid anisaastrid_uin@radenfatah.ac.id Dian Andesta Bujuri dianandesta@radenfatah.ac.id Nurlaeli Nurlaeli nurlaeli_uin@radenfatah.ac.id Elvira Destiansari elviradestian@unsri.ac.id <p>This research aims to determine the supporting factors and inhibiting factors for School Literacy Movement program activities in fostering students' interest in reading in South Sumatra. The research method used is a qualitative method using a phenomenological design approach which is used on multiple sites in three schools, namely IBA Elementary School of Palembang, 1 State&nbsp;Elementary School of&nbsp;Indralaya&nbsp;and 3&nbsp;Elementary School of Kayuagung. The results of this research show that the supporting factors in the School Literacy Movement program at three schools in fostering students' interest in reading in class IV are: A complete library; Cozy Reading Corner; Interesting wall material; Attractive Reading Park and School Literacy Cart; Clear Identity Board; Literacy Tree; beautiful school gardens; Involvement of parents and the public; creative School Literacy Movement Team; School Garden; Training and <em>Study Tour </em>; and an attractive Reading Campaign Poster. Factors that become obstacles in implementing the School Literacy Movement program in the three schools in fostering students' interest in reading in class IV. Students are lazy about studying; Students are not used to reading; Library management is not yet supported by officers who have librarian qualifications and parent collaboration is not good. Based on this, it can be concluded that fostering interest in reading in elementary school students in South Sumatra is influenced by both supporting and inhibiting factors.</p> 2024-02-26T10:48:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/19875 Implementation of Scientific Literacy in The Independent Curriculum (Merdeka Curriculum) at Elementary School 2024-01-31T13:05:23+00:00 Ratih Purnama Pertiwi ratihpp@unuha.ac.id Arini Rosa Sinensis ratihpp@unuha.ac.id Sri Enggar Kencana Dewi ratihpp@unuha.ac.id Tri Ratna Dewi ratna@unuha.ac.id Resti Septikasari resti@unuha.ac.id <div class="flex-1 overflow-hidden">&nbsp;</div> <div class="w-full pt-2 md:pt-0 border-t md:border-t-0 dark:border-white/20 md:border-transparent md:dark:border-transparent md:pl-2 gizmo:pl-0 gizmo:md:pl-0 md:w-[calc(100%-.5rem)] absolute bottom-0 left-0 md:bg-vert-light-gradient bg-white dark:bg-gray-800 md:!bg-transparent dark:md:bg-vert-dark-gradient"><form class="stretch mx-2 flex flex-row gap-3 last:mb-2 md:mx-4 md:last:mb-6 lg:mx-auto lg:max-w-2xl xl:max-w-3xl"> <div class="relative flex h-full flex-1 items-stretch md:flex-col"> <div class="h-full flex ml-1 md:w-full md:m-auto md:mb-4 gap-0 md:gap-2 justify-center"> <div class="flex items-center md:items-end"> <div data-projection-id="95"> <div class="flex w-full gap-2 items-center justify-center"> <div> <pre><span lang="IN">This research aims to describe and analyze the implementation of scientific literacy in the Independent Curriculum</span><span lang="EN-US"> (Merdeka Curriculum)</span><span lang="IN"> for </span><span lang="EN-US">elemenary school</span><span lang="IN">. The steps include planning learning with scientific literacy, checking implementation of the Independent Curriculum, and evaluating the learning process with scientific literacy. The method used is descriptive qualitative. The subjects of this research were </span><span lang="EN-US">Headmaster and </span><span lang="IN">teachers </span><span lang="EN-US">at </span><span lang="EN">2 State </span><span lang="EN-US">elemen</span><span lang="EN">t</span><span lang="EN-US">ary school</span> <span lang="EN">of Gumawang</span><span lang="EN-US">, </span><span lang="IN">East O</span><span lang="EN-US">gan </span><span lang="IN">K</span><span lang="EN-US">omering </span><span lang="IN">U</span><span lang="EN-US">lu (OKU)</span><span lang="IN">. Data collection through observation, interviews and document analysis related to the implementation of scientific literacy in the Merdeka curriculum. The validity of the collected data was tested using data and source triangulation techniques. The research results show that the implementation of scientific literacy in the Independent Curriculum in </span><span lang="EN">2 State </span><span lang="EN-US">elemen</span><span lang="EN">t</span><span lang="EN-US">ary school</span> <span lang="EN">of Gumawang</span> <span lang="IN">has experienced significant development. This is demonstrated by (1) A learning approach based on inquiry and experimentation, (2) Implementation of learning designed to emphasize in-depth understanding of scientific concepts and their application in everyday life, (3) The evaluation process carries out three evaluations, namely in cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. The implementation of scientific literacy in the Meredeka Curriculum at </span><span lang="EN">2 State </span><span lang="EN-US">elemen</span><span lang="EN">t</span><span lang="EN-US">ary school</span> <span lang="EN">of Gumawang</span> <span lang="IN">is already underway in several driving schools, but there are several challenges that must be faced, including the lack of resources and training for teachers in adopting a more interactive scientific literacy approach, this is because there are still many teachers who are not used to it. with innovative learning methods that adopt the application of scientific literacy. Observation results show that reading literacy in elementary education level students is one aspect thathas not been fully implemented well. This is due to the lack of literacy among students. So the evaluation and measurement of scientific literacy skills needs to be improved to ensure the achievement of curriculum goals. This research provides an important contribution to understanding the implementation of scientific literacy in the Independent Curriculum at the elementary education level. The results of the research can be a basis for further development in efforts to improve the quality of education at the elementary level, with a focus on developing students' scientific literacy.</span></pre> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </form></div> 2024-01-31T13:05:23+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/21175 Curriculum Organization for Elementary School Mathematics Learning to Optimize The Potential (Fitrah) of Learners 2024-02-05T06:36:41+00:00 Nasywa Hilmi 22204082020@student.uin-suka.ac.id Andi Prastowo 22204082020@student.uin-suka.ac.id <p>Phobia in learning mathematics is one of the factors that influences the high school dropout rate among elementary school children. Curriculum organization is intended to encourage students in learning to be able to develop according to their interests, talents, potential and natural needs. The aim of this research is to collect and analyze the phenomenon of proper curriculum organization in elementary school mathematics learning to optimize students' potential. The research approach used is qualitative. With field research at Islamic elementary schools in Sleman Regency, Special Region of Yogyakarta. This research shows that the implementation of the mathematics learning curriculum in international Islamic elementary schools aims to integrate Islamic values ​​in learning, focus on developing critical and creative thinking skills, and optimize student potential through subject integration. The positive impacts include a more comprehensive understanding of mathematical concepts and the development of students' natural potential. However, constraints such as limited time and research scope, as well as potential data limitations due to not using quantitative methods, need to be considered for more effective research and implementation in the future.</p> 2024-02-05T06:36:41+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##