Medina-Te <p>Jurnal Medina-Te (ISSN : <a href="">1858-3237)</a> merupakan Jurnal yang memfokuskan pada Studi Islam yang diterbitkan oleh Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang.</p> en-US Penulis menyimpan hak cipta dan memberikan jurnal hak penerbitan pertama naskah secara simultan dengan lisensi di bawah Creative Commons Attribution License yang mengizinkan orang lain untuk berbagi pekerjaan dengan sebuah pernyataan kepenulisan pekerjaan dan penerbitan awal di jurnal ini. Penulis bisa memasukkan ke dalam penyusunan kontraktual tambahan terpisah untuk distribusi non ekslusif versi kaya terbitan jurnal (contoh: mempostingnya ke repositori institusional atau menerbitkannya dalam sebuah buku), dengan pengakuan penerbitan awalnya di jurnal ini. Penulis diizinkan dan didorong untuk mem-posting karya mereka online (contoh: di repositori institusional atau di website mereka) sebelum dan selama proses penyerahan, karena dapat mengarahkan ke pertukaran produktif, seperti halnya sitiran yang lebih awal dan lebih hebat dari karya yang diterbitkan. (Lihat Efek Akses Terbuka). (Ahmad Zainuri) (Ade Akhmad Saputra) Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:10 +0000 OJS 60 KEBERAGAMAN KOMUNITAS MUSLIM DAN ISLAM KEINDONESIAAN <p>Muslims in Indonesia are the majority people. This means that most of the people of Indonesia are adherents of Islam or Muslims. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (Jakarta, 2004) report, Indonesia's population is 224 million, 89% of which 224 million are Muslims. A very large community for a country that also has a large distribution area such as Indonesia. The Muslim community in the archipelago has been decisive for decades in the direction of political development in Indonesia.</p><p><strong> </strong></p><p><strong><br /></strong><em></em></p> Ahmad Zainuri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:09 +0000 PEMIKIRAN JAMALUDDIN AL-AFGHANI (JAMAL AD-DIN AL-AFGHANI) (1838 – 1897 M) <p>The 19th century to the 20th century is a moment in which Muslims enter a new gate, the gate of renewal. This phase is often referred to as the century of modernism, a century where people are confronted with the fact that the West is far ahead of them. This situation made various responses emerging, various Islamic groups responded in different ways based on their Islamic nature. Some respond with accommodative stance and recognize that the people are indeed doomed and must follow the West in order to rise from the downturn. Others respond by rejecting anything coming from the West because they think it is outside of Islam. These circles believe Islam is the best and the people must return to the foundations of revelation, this circle is often called the revivalists. One of the figures who is an important figure in Islamic reform, Jamaluddin Al-Afghani, a reformer who has its own uniqueness, uniqueness, and mystery. Departing from the division of Islamic features above, Afghani occupies a unique position in responding to Western domination of Islam. On the one hand, Afghani is very moderate by accommodating ideas coming from the West, this is done to improve the decline of the ummah. On the other hand, however, Afghani appeared so loudly when it came to the question of nationality or on matters relating to Islam. As a result, Afghani traces his legs on two different sides, he is a modernist but also a fundamentalist.</p><p><strong> </strong></p> Akmal Hawi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:09 +0000 PENGELOLAAN DANA TABARRU’ ASURANSI JIWA SYARIAH DALAM PEMBIAYAAN MURABAHAH DI BANK SUMSEL BABEL CABANG SYARIAH BATURAJA <p>The existence of insurance in the modern era which is the embryo of conventional insurance based gharar, maysir, and usury ', making Islamic legal experts react by conducting research and analysis of the issue. The result proves that in Islamic law contains substance of insurance which can avoid the operational principle of gharar, maysir, and usury element '. This study aims to explain how the management of tabarru funds' sharia life insurance in murabahah financing in Bank Sumsel Babel Branch Sharia Baturaja. Insurance company that made the object of research is PT. Asuransi Bangun Askrida Unit Syariah. The research method used is descriptive qualitative method. The results concluded that the Management of Tabarru 'Sharia Life Insurance Fund PT. Asuransi Bangun Askrida Syariah Palembang Unit in Murabahah Financing at Bank Sumsel Babel Branch Sharia Baturaja uses insurance product mechanism with non saving element which separates the contribution fund into two parts, that is 42,5% for ujrah manager, and 57,5% for investment of tabarru fund '. If there is an underwriting surplus at the end of the period closing, it will be allocated 30% for Managers, 30% for tabarru 'funds reserves, and 40% for Participants who meet the requirements of obtaining surplus incentives. However, if there is an underwriting deficit in the management of the tabarru funds 'funds, the Insurance Company is obliged to cope with the shortage of tabarru' funds in the form of loans (qardh).</p> Muhammad Iqbal ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:09 +0000 SEJARAH TURUNNYA AL-QUR’AN PENUH FENOMENAL (MUATAN NILAI-NILAI PSIKOLOGI DALAM PENDIDIKAN) <p>The phenomenon of receiving the revelations of the Qur'an shocked many. This can be seen from the role of Prophet Muhammad SAW prepared gradually, a time full of indecisiveness in seeing the events, phenomena, and vision of the existing view, also participate in preparing the maturity of his soul, where the angel Jibril repeatedly introduce himself. Archangel Gabriel for the first time to introduce himself when he berkhalwat in Hira Cave, Gabriel asked Muhammad SAW read, and he rationed do not know, do not know what to read, until the angel Gabriel repeats three times, and he replied in a state completely confused Fear before knowing the unforeseen prophethood and first heard the Qur'an, its psychological charge in the education of mankind.</p> Yusron Masduki ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:10 +0000 DAMPAK KEKUASAAN MARITIM SRIWIJAYA TERHADAP MASUKNYA PEDAGANG MUSLIM DI PALEMBANG ABAD VII-IX MASEHI Research in title “The impact of Sriwijaya Maritime Power toward the Entrance of Muslim Trade in Palembang in VII-IX Century” is based on the power of Sriwijaya maritime that dominated all of the International trade voyage path which was sailed by the foreign merchant including Arabic Muslim traders. The Arabic Muslim traders which sailed and traded to China must go across trade voyage paths of Sriwijaya, thus, the merchants stopped over in the Kingdom center of Sriwijaya located in Palembang. The objective of the study is to analyze the history of development of Sriwijaya’s maritime power, analyzing the sailing and trading path and the relationship of Sriwijaya and the foreign country, and the impact of Sriwijaya’s maritime power toward the entrance of Muslimtraders in Palembang in VII-IX century. This study is in the form of Qualitative research design which is library research., by analyzing thoroughly every single relevant literature. The approach of the research is by using historical method approach which are, heuristic, verification, interpretation, and historiograsion, and politicoligist and economologist scholarship. Moreover, the source of the data were primer and seconder data. Data collection technique as heuristic and verification. To analyze the data, it was used interpretation, then it was conducted the last step that was historyografy or a writing of history. This research concludes that the history of development of Sriwijaya appearing as the ruler of the largest maritime power in Nusantara was supported by their great army and a management of a strong and respected leader.Sriwijaya easily controlled strategic shipping paths, such as the Strait of Malacca, Bangka Strait, Sunda Strait, Karimata Strait, and all shipping lanes in the Nusantara.The condition of the shipping Routes initially frightened Muslim traders, because of the large number of pirates, having successfully controlled by Sriwijaya's maritime power, it became safe and comfortable to go through. And it was required to stop at the harbor or in the center of Sriwijaya Kingdom located in Palembang. In addition, Sriwijaya's relationships with foreign countries, namely Arab, India, China were carried out by Sriwijaya for the recognition of sovereignty and Sriwijaya's power strengthening in the trade shipping paths. Sriwijaya with its maritime power and cooperating with the Sea People to secure the cruise line to the center of Sriwijaya from pirates as well as increasing the confidence of Muslim traders both in trade and security guarantees on the way back from the center of Sriwijaya and access for Muslim traders in the process of Islamization through trade routes in the territory of Sriwijaya kingdom. Ahmad Berkah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:10 +0000 PLURALISME AGAMA MENURUT NURCHOLIS MADJID (1939-2005) DALAM KONTEKS KEINDONESIAAN <p>This research entitled "Religious Pluralism According to Nurcholish Madjid in Indonesian Context '. Based on the phenomenon that occurred in the field many Muslims who more emphasize the symbol of religion than the application in menjlankan religion so that underlie thinking Nurcholis Madjid in overcoming msalah.dilakukan three stages of work that is Inventory, Evaluation, and Synthesis. The writings that have been obtained will be reviewed, an analysis of the thoughts of Nurcholish Madjid. The research approach is historical approach, while in historical research using heuristic technique, verification, intervention, and historicistography. The results of this study can be summarized as follows, First, the basis of religious pluralism is that the universal religion of Islam encompasses all aspects of life, Pancasila is the foundation of the state of Indonesia so that we must do tolerance and compete in the good. Secondly, that the implications of religious pluralism recognize religious freedom, live with the risks that will be borne by each believer. The will of God is above the will of man in setting anything. Thirdly, the principle of religious pluralism is the open, dialogical, tolerant and upholding of human values which at the same time embodies a peaceful and open Islam.</p> Catur Widiat Moko ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:10 +0000 PENETAPAN UPAH MINIMUM KOTA PALEMBANG TAHUN 2016 DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI SYARI'AH <p>Islam commands people to seek a job in meeting the needs of life, in way can benefit those who seek. in this research is the study subject “ minimum wage in the city of palembang in 2016 sharia economic perspective” the formulation of the problem how the principles remuneration according to shariah economics, how the mecanism for setting the minimum wage the city of palembang in accordance with economic prinsiple, and what are the implications for the welfare of the city minimum wage workers in the city of Palembang. This research is a field research, which was conducted using qualitative. The source of this study are primari and secondary. Techniques in this study is observation, interview and documentation. The method used in this research is normative juridical approach that is supported by empirical juridical approach.</p> Hana Pertiwi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:10 +0000 TINJAUAN AL-QUR’AN TERHADAP GODAAN IBLIS DAN SETAN MENURUT HAMKA DALAM TAFSIR AL-AZHAR <p>The Qur'an as the main source of Islamic teachings clearly states that believing in the unseen is a characteristic of a believer. Hamka in Tafsir Al-Azhar states that, faith to the unseen is the basic belief in Islam. Satan as the main enemy of man constantly directs temptations to prevent man from God's straight path with various means of aberrations. Taking into account the interpretation of Hamka in the Al-Azhar Tafsir associated with verses that speak of Satan, is closely related to Satan. Therefore, a special study is needed to examine: The concept of Satan and Satan according to Hamka. And what are the ways of Satan and Satan in seducing men according to Hamka in Tafsir Al-Azhar ?. Because the discussion is the book of interpretation of the approach to the problem is the science of interpretation with a theoretical basis that is: Tafsir type, style of interpretation and methods of interpretation. The method used in this research is maudhu'i method. That is the method of interpretation that seeks to answer the Qur'an about the problem with thematic way. From the research that has been done can be concluded that: According to Hamka Satan is from the group of disobedient Jin to Allah swt. Satan is more than anything that is evil that plunges a person in a danger, both danger in the world and danger in the afterlife. Satan can be a negative passion that stimulates a person to behave evil and deviate from the truth. As for the manner and kind of temptation of Satan or Satan's many and varied tricks, among them, by derailing man, being deceived by far-reaching apostasy, whispering evil thoughts to deviate from the way of Allah swt. The straight and the other.</p> Heryadi Heryadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:48:10 +0000