ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION OF MALAY: HISTRORICAL POLEMIC AND MODERN CHALLENGES (THE THOUGHT OF SYED NAQUIB AL-ATTAS)

Main Article Content

Abdur Razzaq

Abstract

This paper has a background of polemics about the role of Islam in Malay history and civilization. The polemic begins with the accusations of some Orientalists who claim that Islam is a religion that does not contribute significantly to the progress of civilization in Malay land. This paper describes the strong denial of Syed Naquib Al-Attas against the accusation. Al-Attas shows evidence that Islam has an important role in advancing the development of Malay society and nation both in aspects of culture, thought, philosophy, science and Malay. This paper also presents the Al-Attas view of the contemporary world of Islam which has experienced backwardness in various aspects. Al-Attas identified various causes of the weakness of the Islamic ummah, especially the Malay people and the solution that must be done. For Al-Attas the progress of Islamic civilization and the Malay world can be done by: building various aspects of Malay Islamic civilization, improving the education system and applying the concept of Islamization of science.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Razzaq A. ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION OF MALAY: HISTRORICAL POLEMIC AND MODERN CHALLENGES (THE THOUGHT OF SYED NAQUIB AL-ATTAS). Journal of Malay Islamic Studies [Internet]. 31Dec.2018 [cited 11Dec.2019];2(2):125-32. Available from: http://jurnal.radenfatah.ac.id/index.php/jmis/article/view/3778
Section
Articles

References

Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Al-Naquib. 1972. Islam Dalam Sejarah Dan Kebudayaan Melayu/Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas. Kuala Lumpur: ABIM.
———. 2011. Historical Fact and Fiction. Kuala Lumpur: UTM Press.
Azra, Azyumardi. 1994. “Orientalisme Dan Studi Islam Asia Tenggara.” Studia Islamika 3(1).
Bowen, John. 1995. “Western Studies on Southeast Asian Islam: Problem of Theory and Practices.” Studia Islamika 4(1).
Burhanuddin, Jajat. 1998. “Book Review Peradaban Islam Melavu.” Studia Islamika 5(1).
Daud, Mohd Nor Wan. 2005. Falsafah Dan Amalan Pendidikan Islam Syed M. Naquib Al-Attas: Satu Huraian Konsep Asli Islamisasi. Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Malaya.
Daud, Wan Mohd Nor Wan. 1998. The Educational Philosophy and Practice of Syed M. Naquib Al-Attas. Malaysia: ISTAC.
———. 2003. Filsafat Dan Praktik Pendidikan Islam Syed M. Naquib Al-Attas (Trj) The Education Philosophy and Practice of Syed M. Naquib Al-Attas. Bandung: Mizan.
Denisova, Tatiana. 2011. Kajian Sejarah Islam Di Alam Melayu Dalam Perspektif Oriental Studies: Antara Fakta Dan Khayalan. Kuala Lumpur.
Hamka. 1997. Sejarah Ummat Islam. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional.
Roff, William R. 1985. “Islam Obscured? Some Reflections on Studies of Islam & Society in Southeast Asia.” Archipel 29(1): 7–34.
Thoyib, Ruswan, and Darahmu’in. 1999. Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam : Kajian Tokoh Klasik Dan Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.