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All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) document file format.
  • The research meets the ethical guidelines, including adherence to the legal requirements of the study country.
  • The text adheres to the APA 7 stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The text is 1.15 in spaced; uses Times New Roman 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed at the end of the manuscript after the reference list. Cite each table at the most appropriate point in the text.
  • The manuscript is prepared with separate title page, minus acknowledgments and any running headers with author names, to allow blinded review.
  • In-text citation and references must employ Reference Manager such as Mendeley. 80% of the cited works should be primary resources from the past 10 years. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The author/s have submitted active WhatsApp number on Comments for the Editor