Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension by Using Preview Question Read Summarize Test (PQRST) Strategy at One Islamic Senior in Palembang

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Elsa Safitri
Annisa Astrid
Eka Sartika


The objectives of this study were to determine whether there was a significant improvement before and after using PQRST strategy at MA Al Fatah Palembang and whether there was a significant difference in            reading comprehension between students taught using PQRST and those who were not. Quantitative research with a quasi-experimental design was utilized for this study. The sample consisted of 40      students of the eleventh grade. To collect data, the experimental and control groups were administered the test twice, as a pre and post-test, respectively. To determine the improvement before and after implementing the PQRST strategy, a paired sample t-test was conducted. The results showed that the p-output (sig. (2-tailed)) was 0.000 less than 0.05. Therefore, the null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected and the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted. It suggests that using PQRST to teach reading enhances students' reading comprehension. To determine the difference between control and experimental groups, an independent sample t-test was conducted, and the results showed that p-output (sig. (2- tailed)) was 0.000 less than 0.05 and the t-value 3.835 was higher than t-table 2.024 It indicates that there were significant differences between students taught using the PQRST strategy and those who were not. As a result, students can use the PQRST strategy to help them improve their reading comprehension.

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